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France



  • When France Extorted Haiti – the Greatest Heist in History

    by Marlene Daut

    Because the indemnity Haiti paid to France is the first and only time a formerly enslaved people were forced to compensate those who had once enslaved them, Haiti should be at the center of the global movement for reparations.



  • Nazi Lockdown

    by Ronald C. Rosbottom

    The German occupation crushed ordinary life in Paris as its citizens hid from the “brown plague.”



  • Marie Antoinette Would Be Proud

    The palace has called on skilled designers, historians, botanists and gardeners to apply their expertise to the complicated work of restoring that spot, called Le Bosquet de la Reine, or the Queen’s Grove.


  • The History Behind a Recently Defaced French Holocaust Memorial

    by Norman JW Goda

    The memorial plaque at 12 rue Sainte-Catherine in the central part of town contained the names of the 86 Jews arrested at that address on 9 February 1943. It was the largest single roundup of Jews in the city. On the plaque, black paint was used to cross out their names. 


  • Hitler's Own Maginot Line

    by Robert Scott Kellner

    What the diary of a German against the Third Reich can teach us about the Atlantic Wall. 


  • The American Tourist in Paris: A Retrospective

    by Lauren Jannette

    Although no longer breaking furniture, running out on checks, and throwing racist fits about the evening’s entertainment, Americans remain an integral part of Paris’s continued debates over the benefits and detriments of being one of the world’s largest tourists destinations.